Tularaemia is caused by bacteria in wild animals and is found worldwide.

It is caught by handling animal carcasses, hides, fur, or feces; and sometimes by insects.

Incubation takes 1-14 days.

If bacteria enters through the skin by cuts or bites an ulcer will form with localized lymph node swelling followed by fever and generalized symptoms.

If inhaled, pneumonia will develop.

If neglected people develop tonsillitis, pharyngitis, nausea, vomiting, and gastrointestinal bleeding.

Generalized symptoms are fever, leader lymph nodes, aches and rash.

Untreated serious complications (meningitis, septicemia , peritonitis and osteomylitis) can happen.

A blood test will confirm this diagnosis.

Treatment is with antibiotics.

Tularaemia Links


World Health Organization WHO http://www.who.int/csr/delibepidemics/tularaemia/en/


Center for Disease for Control CDC http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/tularemia.htm