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Sandfly Fever

Sandfly Fever is found in the Balkans, Middle East, Central and South East Asia, parts of the Mediterranean, and Central America. It is a viral illness transmitted by the same sandflies that transmit Leishmaniasis.


There is no vaccine but since sandflies cannot fly above 3m. Sleeping above the ground helps.

Sandfly fever has an incubation of 3-8 days with abrupt onset of fever, chills, headache (retro orbital - behind the eyes), muscle and joint pains.

Usually symptoms are intense, followed by weakness and then recovery.

Diagnosis is by history although more severe infections like Dengue Fever and Malaria should be ruled out.

A blood test will confirm infection. Specific treatment for the relief of symptoms is recommended.

Sandfly Fever links

Virology.net http://www.virology.net/Big_Virology/BVRNAbunya.html