have occurred in Sub-Sahara Africa, Egypt, Kenya, and Somalia
and are usually associated with heavy rainfall and flooding.
This disease is a viral hemorrhagic fever type transmitted
also infects cattle, sheep, goats and camels.
may also be infected through blood, meat, bodily fluids and
milk of infected animals.
vaccines have been developed which are used for researchers
but all are not widely available and the average traveler
is at very low risk for this disease.
potentially diseased carrying mosquitoes and livestock is
still the best preventative measure.
Symptoms are similar to other infectious diseases and can
be confused with meningitis.
after an incubation period of 2-7 days a fever develops that
peaks twice (the first occurring for 2-4 days followed by
a break and then again).
muscle aches, and back pains are common.
stiffness, vomiting and pain from bright lights (photophobia)
can also occur.
severe cases may cause brain, liver or eye complications,
usually in the first 3 weeks of illness with a high mortality
rate. Diagnosis can be confirmed with blood tests for this
is no specific treatment for Rift Valley Fever since most
are mild and limited infections, but supportive care can be
done for the rare severe cases.
Rift Valley Fever Links
Special Pathogens Branch-CDC: Diseases-Rift Valley Fever http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/spb/mnpages/dispages/rvf.htm