Bacterial infection that causes meningitis,(an inflammation of the
occur world wide, but more prevalent in the 'meningitis belt' which
covers consists of Sub-Sahara African countries, often worse during
dry seasons, and potentiated by war, and famine.
A vaccine is present against the A, C, W, and Y forms of their disease.
this point there is no vaccine for the B subtype although researchers
are working on it.
vaccine is mandatory for travelers during the Haj to Mecca. Saudi
Arabia used to use the C type vaccine, but uses W-135 vaccine now.
Symptoms incubate after 2-10 days.
like symptoms develop into malaise, fever, headache, neck irritation
and a rash.
rash is indicator of widespread blood infection (septicemia).
is a collection of bleeds under the skin.
suspected meningitis MUST be treated with penicillin (or other suitable
antibiotics) as soon as vaccine is recommended for all individuals
over 2 months.
Vaccine is given to younger individuals, but the response may not
for menigococal infection is to treat with penicillin.
penicillin is given prior to admission, patient will have a 50%
menigococal disease is suspected patient should be given penicillin
BEDSIDE GLASS TEST: Is used to detect menigococal infection.
will not blanch from pressure. If menigococal is suspected it must
be treated immediately.
infection produces fever and a non-blanching rash.
OMNI (UK) http://omni.ac.uk
Health Protection Agency http://www.hpa.org.uk/infections/topics_az/meningo/menu.htm
Immunization Action Coalition http://www.immunize.org/mening/
National Meningitis Association http://www.nmaus.org/
Meningitis Foundation of America- Meningitis in College Students