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Fascioliasis (Liver Fluke)

 

This fluke infects cattle, sheep and goats worldwide, humans are infected after eating food or water contaminated by faeces.

Initial symptoms are non-specific - malaise, fever, weight loss, diarrhea, abdominal pain (near liver) and itching about 2-3 months after infection.

Larvae will penetrate the intestine and migrate to the liver and biliary tract and produce eggs. Sometime they are also found in the brain, lungs, and skin. Jaundice may occur if the flukes block the biliary flow.

Diagnosis - eggs are seen in stool or blood tests can confirm the diagnosis.

Anti-worm medication is effective in eradicating their infection.

Fascioliasis Liver Fluke links


Center for Disease Control CDC http://www.dpd.cdc.gov/dpdx/HTML/Fascioliasis.htm

University of CambridgeDepartment of PathologySchistosomiasis Research Group http://www.path.cam.ac.uk/~schisto/OtherFlukes /Fasciola.html