Most cases reported are now from Sudan,
Yemen and other sub-Saharan African countries.
is acquired by drinking water contaminated with Cyclopes water
disease is transmitted by fleas carrying the guinea worm larvae.
larvae penetrate the intestine and mature into adult worms that
then start moving.
worms will travel, and can exit through skin (feet, genitalia,
hands or breasts). It can take 3 weeks to emerge.
they are emerging, embryos are shed into water while the infected
person is bathing.
Dracunculiasis is acquired in poor rural communities and is is
prevented by drinking boiled water (which kills the fleas and
larvae Symptoms may be absent until emergence.
a joint is entered there will be localized pain and swelling.
will blister at the worm exit point, and then ulcers can take
weeks to heal. Sometimes generalized symptoms (nausea, vomiting,
diarrhea, swelling, itchy rash) occur during worm emergence, more
so if multiple worms are expelled.
When visible the worm can be sped up by repeating to immersing
it in water where it releases its larval (as a milky fluid).
it protrudes enough its thread-like head can be wrapped around
a stick and gently pulled, but it can still take two weeks to
Progress is being made in eradicating this disease through improvements
in water sources and educating infected populations.
Dracunculosis (Guinea Worm) resources;
of Disease Control