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Brazilian Purpuric Fever
Brazilian Purpuric Fever is a bacterial infection that affects children under 10 years of age and occurs in Brazil.

It starts as a severe conjunctivitis but some cases develop fever, vomiting and purpuric rash which can lead to death.

It can be treated with antibiotics.
Links for more information:
Journal of Clinical Microbiology http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=267380