Trypanosomiasis (Chaga's Disease)
Trypanosomiasis is present from Mexico to Argentina
and affects 20 million people worldwide.
It is caused by a protozoa, transmitted from assassin or kissing
bugs (reduviid bugs).
also can be acquired during birth (mother to infant), during
breast-feeding and by transfusion.
should avoid adobe style huts where these bugs like to live
in the walls and come out at night.
bugs are found in the cracks of adobe houses, in palm leaf
roots; and in woodpiles, chicken coops and goat pens.
typically feed on the warmer parts of the face- lips and ears
earning them the name "kissing bugs". Insect repellent and
screens will help stop them.
of disease include: swelling at bite and sometimes at eyes
and fever in the first 10 days. Itchy rash and lymph enlargement
heart, brain and intestinal tract are affected later, causing
chronic and fatal disease.
blood test diagnoses this disease.
treatment helps in the early symptoms.
For more detailed information please consult the following
World Health Organization WHO
Center for Disease Control CDC